A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a condition where there is a hole between the ventricles (the lower chambers) of your heart. This is a common defect that is present at birth, which occurs when the septum wall has a hole which then allows blood to pass through from the left to the right side of the heart. This then leads to oxygen-rich blood being pumped back to the lung instead of it being pumped out to the body, causing the heart to work much harder.
Small ventricular septal defects cause no harm as they may eventually close on their own, but medium to larger ventricular septal defects may need surgery in order to prevent future complications.
Signs and symptoms of ventricular septal defects often appear in the first few days, weeks, or months of a child’s life. Symptoms of VSD vary depending on the size of the hole and whether there are any other associated heart defects present. Symptoms may include:
Signs of ventricular septal defects may not be noticed at birth, but they may appear only later in childhood if the defect is small.
In some cases, if the ventricular septal defect is small, a wait-and-watch approach may be employed to see if the defect corrects itself or not. Your baby’s health will be monitored to ensure that the condition doesn’t worsen. If the condition doesn’t correct itself, then Dr Dongo may recommend the following surgical procedures to repair the ventricular defect:
After the ventricular septal repair procedure, follow up appointments will be scheduled to ensure that the defect remains closed.