Minimally invasive cardiac surgery embodies a variety of surgical procedures that are performed through small incisions, where surgical tools are passed through those incisions to treat the affected area.
Minimally invasive cardiac surgery has benefits such as smaller incisions, smaller scars, reduced infections risk, less blood loss, less pain, shorter hospital stay and shorter recovery time.
Minimally invasive cardiac surgery is done to treat a number of heart conditions such as blocked or damaged arteries, coronary artery disease and heart rhythm problems also called arrhythmias, or heart defects, etc.
There are different heart procedures that may be performed with minimally invasive cardiac surgery, such as:
Minimally invasive cardiac surgery may include robot-assisted cardiac surgery or thoracoscopic surgery. Both types of minimally invasive cardiac procedures involve the surgeon reaching the heart through small incisions between the ribs. A small tube that has a small video camera is then inserted through one incision to provide real-time images of your body inside. A heart-lung machine will be used to keep blood moving through your body during the procedure.